By M. A. Mohamed Salih Ph.D. (eds.)
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Extra info for African Parliaments: Between Governance and Government
In bi-cameral assemblies, the second chamber thoroughly scrutinizes legislation in order to ensure the collection of possible mistakes and offers an opportunity for more public debate. A. MOHAMED SALIH members are not elected or are indirectly elected, and the reinforcement of social forces (chiefs and a powerful political elite) vis-à-vis democratically elected institutions such as the first chamber. It is not difficult to observe the uneasy relationship between bi-cameral assemblies and federal states in the cases of Ethiopia and Nigeria and other severely divided states such as Namibia, Mauritania, and South Africa.
2003), Mozambique energy and transport sectors privatization (2004), among others. Nykuri 1997: 13. For more on the role of parliament in conflict management, see European Parliamentarians for Africa, 2001. Knofchik and Wehner 1998: 238. Wehner 2002: 226. See Burnell 2003 for a fuller account of legislative–executive relations and the parliamentary reform agenda in Zambia. Uni-cameral African parliaments are Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Guinea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. A. MOHAMED SALIH Lord Hailey Report 1979. Mazrui and Tidy 1984: 85. Salih 2001. Salih 2003. Ibid. Duverger 1958. See, for example, Clapham 1982; Van Donge 1995a; Salih 2003. Salih 2001. Ibid. Salih 2003. Ibid. Freund 1984: 246–247. Mwakyembe 1995: 51. Kjekshus 1974a; Hindess 1983. Bynton and Kim 1975: 17. Examples of this include the heated parliamentary debates such as Malawi land policy (Jan.