A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short

By Emma Short

Latin is one in every of applicable languages for describing new crops, and taxonomists has to be capable of translate past texts in Latin. supplying an easy clarification of Latin grammar in addition to an in-depth vocabulary, this can be an imperative advisor for systematic botanists all over the world. All correct components of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored workouts for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. directions for forming particular epithets also are incorporated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the foreign Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and vegetation. the great vocabulary is more desirable with phrases from contemporary glossaries for non-flowering vegetation - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this an awesome source for someone seeking to hone their figuring out of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the previous three hundred years

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92–95) are adjectives and participles with the nominative singular ending in -is (masculine and feminine), -e (neuter), -er (masculine), -ris (feminine) and -re (neuter), and those ending in -or, -x, -ens and -ans in which the nominative singular is the same for all three genders. Note also that the ablative singular -i and genitive plural -ium are back; in other words, Group B adjectives are declined in the same way as i-stem nouns. Example: laevis (smooth). Note that the masculine and feminine are the same.

Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter simillimus simillimum simillimi simillimo simillimo simillima simillimam simillimae simillimae simillima simillimum simillimum simillimi simillimo simillimo simillimi simillimos simillimorum simillimis simillimis simillimae simillimas simillimarum simillimis simillimis simillima simillima simillimorum simillimis simillimis Example: pulcherrimus formed from pulcher (pretty). Other adjectives forming their superlatives in the same way are: acer (sharp, bitter) and celer (swift).

Aliae plantae prostratae, aliae erectae some plants prostrate, others erect The second is used when just two items are under discussion: stamina 2, inaequalia, alterum 5 mm longum, alterum 10 mm longum stamens 2, unequal, one 5 mm long, the other 10 mm long A pronoun takes the same number and gender of the noun that it is replacing or referring to, but its case comes from the context in which it is used. Pronouns must be declined like nouns and the important ones are set out below. g. is, ea, id; eum, eam, id; eius, eius, eius … ei, eae, ea; ….

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